High School Start Times
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a statement in 2014 recommending middle/high schools delay start times until 8:30am or later.
"The research is clear that adolescents who get enough sleep have a reduced risk of being overweight or suffering depression, are less likely to be involved in automobile accidents, and have better grades, higher standardized test scores and an overall better quality of life,” said pediatrician Judith Owens, MD, FAAP. “Studies have shown that delaying early school start times is one key factor that can help adolescents get the sleep they need to grow and learn.”
The AAP cites a National Sleep Foundation poll where 59-percent of 6th through 8th graders and 87-percent of high school students in the U.S. reported getting less than the recommended 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep on school nights.
Several cities and towns have considered later starts but so far the Windham, Portsmouth, and Oyster River school districts are the only ones to make a change based on sleep concerns.
However, later start times have downsides. A later school start may cut into the afternoon responsibilities of students, such as part-time jobs or babysitting younger siblings. Start times also impact after school extra-curricular activities, such as sports.
Anthony Pastelis, a member of the Rochester School Board, has also argued that early high school start times better train students for adult life.